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Full text of "How to grow better tomatoes"

Historic, archived document 

Do not assume content reflects current 
scientific knowledge, policies, or practices. 



How To Grow 

BETTER 
TOMATOES 



A Manual For Those 
25,000 Specialists Who Take 
Genuine Pride In Their Tomatoes, 
But Who Are Never Quite Satisfied With Results. 



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HYBRIDS 





ore/ ^sror 1953. 




Hybrid Tomatoes Are Again In Star Performance 

The validity of Hybrid Vigor is an accepted fact. Francis C. 
Stokes Co., after ten years of research has applied this phenom- 
enon to F2 tomatoes with astonishing success. For the fourth 
consecutive year we are conducting a Winter Proving Ground 
in the Province of Santa Clara, Cuba. This program allows two 
outdoor generations per year which in part accounts for the 
lead we have attained in the F2 Hybrid Tomato field. 

This leaflet tells the story of our progress to date. We still 
hold to five Stokescross strains, our top choices to date out of 
hundreds of crosses. The carefully written descriptions on page 
4 of this folder antedate our catalog. Please accept them as 
accurately covering our present stocks. The buyer must make his 
own choices, although in the final analysis, actual experience 
with your own conditions will be your ultimate guide. We shall 
be glad to help you in making these choices. 

Stokescross F2 Hybrids are the tomatoes of tomorrow. We 
are sure you will want to include them in your 1 953 acreage. 



There Are Seven Advantages: 

1. Strong Germination and Fast Come-Up — The New 

Jersey State Seed Laboratory on 80 germination tests completed 
in November 1952, averaged 93.8%. This insures a complete 
and very fast come-up. 

2. Sturdy, Fast Growing Plants — Hybrid Vigor is clearly 
evident in the early growth of the plant. 

3. Readiness to Set — Invariably the Stokescross Hybrids 
set more readily than the average standard varieties. 

4. Early Maturity of the Crop — This averages ten days 
to two weeks earlier than Rutgers — important in quality and in 
fly egg control. 

5. Less Cracking of the Fruit — This is universally accepted, 
and a top factor in controlling mold count. 

6. Better Ripening to the Stem— Under normal conditions 
there is very little yellow-top in Stokescross Hybrids. 

7. Production per Acre Increase — In some acreage over 
50%. This statement is substantiated by crop records in many 
states. 

Here Are The National Results For 1952 . . . 

On over 10,000 acres Stokescross Hybrids grossed over $25,000,000. It is 
extra tonnage and early maturity that count. August tomatoes are definitely 
superior to September tomatoes. Study the descriptions on the following page, 
make your choices with great care, draw up your plans, and reserve the 
necessary seed stock. There is no national supply. When our supply is exhausted 
it cannot be replenished until the summer of 1953. 



What Do The Critics Say? 

Many are enthusiastic. Some are critical. There is the usual professional 
jealousy, for these men have lost some of their professional prerogatives. We 
keep matching our work and our wits against some of the keenest men in the 
business. Here and there size has been criticized, but there were long dry 
periods in 1952. After all, who can expect full size when 60 fruits per plant 
are competing for fertilizer and moisture components required for thirty fruits 
per plant. A Purdue professor recently said that in the next ten years 90% 
of cannery tomatoes will be F2 Hybrids. It is results that count. 

Will Southern Grown Plants Be Available? 

Yes, from the usual Southern sources. Over 25 plant growers will have our 
seed stocks, but advance reservations must be made. A list of plant growers 
who will produce Stokescross plants will be sent on request. In some cases you 
will prefer to send your own seed to your plant grower and have the protection 
of your own acreage. The seed cost is the same. The $1.00 per 1000 plants 
premium on Stokescross Hybrids has been abolished. Ask for special seed 
quotations in quantities of 10 pounds or over. 





J 



How To Grow 

BETTER 
TOMATOES 



A Manual For Those 
25,000 Specialists Who Take 
Genuine Pride In Their Tomatoes, 
But Who Are Never Quite Satisfied With Results. 



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know your seed 

You can buy tomato seed for far less money than 
the prices quoted on the seed stocks in this catalog. 
At $5.00 per ounce, however, you are paying only 
1% of the value of a good acre of tomatoes. Cer- 
tainly it is worth 1 % to be sure of the stock you buy. 
The first step toward better tomatoes is to purchase 
the very finest seed available regardless of cost. 
We recommend that you make a careful study of the 
ten varieties in this book. They have been devel- 
oped with the utmost care. You will probably need 
two or three varieties to cover your full require- 
ments. All Stokes tomato seed is treated with DuPont 
Ceresan M. This chemical inhibits the activities of 
harmful soil organisms and makes possible a 
stronger and earlier germination of the seed. This 
is especially r oticeable in Stokes Hybrids. 



know your plant 




What is true for tomato seed is, of course, likewise 
true for tomato plants. The Francis C. Stokes Com- 
pany has made complete arrangements for pedi- 
greed and certified tomato plants to be grown in 
the South from their seed. The full details of this 
offer will be found on the last page of this catalog. 
Cheaper plants will be available, they always are, 
but they may prove to be the most expensive in the 
end. Careful growing, careful packing, and delivery 
by our high speed trucks will be your answer. 



Introducing the new Stokes 1 oz. seed package — 
a handy re-use plastic box. Orders for 1 lb. and 
over will be shipped in the tamper proof can- 
ister with which you are familiar. 



We strongly urge that all tomato growers plan a long-time build-up of organic 
matter in their soil. This can be accomplished by constant plowing down of green 
manures. We recommend that tomato fields be thoroughly tested by a competent 
soils laboratory four months before planting, and that they be tested twice after 
planting at intervals of 30 to 60 days. This is especially important to determine 
whether there has been a loss of elements through leaching by heavy rains. Light 
sandy soils usually show a greater loss than clay or heavy loam soils. 

In taking your soil samples ascertain if there is a hardpan at the plowsole or lower. 
It is quite possible that a chisel plow, or a sub-soiler will greatly benefit your 
whole soil structure. Keep in mind that the roots of a tomato plant will penetrate 
to a depth of 4 to 6 feet under optimal conditions. 



feed 



STEADILY 



Most tomato fields are under-fed, but your soils 
laboratory report will show you what the fer- 
tilizer formula should be, the quantity required, 
and how to apply it. Generally speaking, we 
recommend from 1500 to 3000 pounds per acre. 
Part of this should be applied before or at the 
time of setting, and part should be added with 
each cultivation. Be alert to deficiency signs. 
Generally there is more danger of under-feeding 
than over-feeding. Do not deliberately over-feed 
until the main fruit setting time is past. 




A tomato is composed of more than 92% water. 
In prolonged drought, especially in cases where 
the root development is not at its full depth, a 
tomato can lose from one to two ounces in 
weight. We have records of Stokesdale producing 
14.1 tons per acre on non-irrigated land, and 
adjacent to it, 19.5 tons per acre under irrigation, 
an increase of 5.4 tons. A rough measurement of 
water requirements indicates that one inch rain- 
fall per week or its equivalent in irrigation is 
optimum. Many of our customers will, of course, 
tell us it is impossible to irrigate. The first cost 
may be high for irrigating equipment, but if the 
yield of a crop can be increased up to 30%, no 
one will question that it is a subject worthy of 
your best thought. 



In most parts of the world tomatoes cannot be 
grown commercially without a complete and 
thorough spray program. Insects and diseases 
are here to stay. They present a never ending 
problem which we must confront with the best 
knowledge available. We recommend eight 
sprayings per year, applied at 7 to 10 day 
intervals using the spray schedule outlined at 
the foot of this page. 

The ideal spray equipment is a 400 lb. pres- 
sure pump with a 40 ft. boom. When planting 
your field, space the rows of plants 5 ft. apart 
and omit every seventeenth row. This spacing 
permits complete spraying of the field with 
minimum damage to the plants. 

Feeding of the plant by spraying soluble nu- 
trients on the foliage is a newer subject, but 
it is one that we recommend. Very often in 
order to regain foliage, after it is too late tc 
apply fertilizer, a spray of DuPont's Nugreen 
(nitrogen thru urea) or McCormick's Hy-gro, 
or Miller's 16-16-16 will revive a sick field. 



SPRAY SCHEDULE 



c 

O i_ 
-Q 


>» 




FORMULA 


Appli( 


a 
</> 


APPLY 150 GALLONS PER ACRE 


1 


Zerlate 


100 gals, water, 2 lbs. Zerlate 


2 


Zerlate 


100 gals, water, 2 lbs. Zerlate 


3 


Copper 
or Dithane 


100 gals, water, 4 lbs. fixed copper 

100 gals, water, 2 qts. Dithane and 1 lb. zinc sulphate 


4 


Zerlate 


100 gals, water, 2 lbs. Zerlate 


5 


Copper 
or Dithane 


100 gals, water, 4 lbs. fixed copper 

100 gals, water, 2 qts. Dithane and 1 lb. zinc sulphate 


6 


Copper 
or Dithane 


100 gals, water, 4 lbs. fixed copper 

100 gals, water, 2 qts. Dithane and 1 lb. zinc sulphate 


7 


Copper 
or Dithane 


100 gals, water, 4 lbs. fixed copper 

100 gals, water, 2 qts. Dithane and 1 lb. zinc sulphate 


8 


Copper 
or Dithane 


1 00 gals, water, 4 lbs. fixed copper 

100 gals, water, 2 qts. Dithane and 1 lb. zinc sulphate 


INSECT CONTROL - add 4 lbs. calcium arsenate to any of the above. 



BLOSSOM THRIP CONTROL - add wettable DDT powder to any of the above. 
Follow the manufacturers recommendations. 




3 




Temperature is the primary factor in the setting of tomato blossoms. 
The tomato grows fastest at night when sugar, formed in the leaves 
during the* day, passes to the growing stem-tip, fruit, and to the root. 
The best temperature for this sugar movement is 65°. Sugar transport 
to both fruit and root slows down on hot nights. Root weight decreases 
steadily as night temperatures increase. 

Length of day and intensity of light do not greatly influence the growth 
of tomatoes, provided temperature and nutrition are properly con- 
trolled. Earliana, Valiant and the Stokescross Hybrids adapt themselves 
to a wide range of night temperatures. Rutgers is much more rigid in 
its requirements, unsuitable temperatures often causing failure to set 
the first two hands. 

Other factors responsible for the failure of blossoms to produce fruit 
are; blossom thrip, prolonged rainfall, lack of sunshine, high winds and 
over-vegetative vine growth at blossom time. Inspect your tomatoes 
for blossom thrip daily, between 10:00 a.m. and noon. For control 
see page 3. 




spacing, nutrition, moisture, tem- 
perature and the number of fruit 
per plant. Heredity is controlled by 
the tomato breeder. You can fur- 
ther his efforts by selecting the seed 

best suited to your soil and climate. Spacing and nutrition are closely related. 
A crowded plant is an undernourished plant— an undernourished plant will not 
produce full size fruit. Allow a minimum of 15 square feet per plant. An adequate 
and regular supply of moisture is essential. See irrigation suggestions on Page 2. 

High temperatures, day or night, will result in small tomatoes. Remember that an 
official day reading of 90° means field soil temperature can be 1 15°. 

40 fruit per plant is considered an ideal load in field production. At a six ounce 
average this makes 15 pounds of tomatoes per plant or 20 tons per acre. To secure 
a 6 ounce average, aim for 7Vi ounce tomatoes on the first two hands. 



4 




FOR MARKET 



NEVER DECEIVE YOUR BUYER. The integrity of your pack is a priceless 
asset. Build prestige and never let it go. Once it is lost it takes years 
to regain it. You are the manager. It is your responsibility to maintain 
your standards with never any compromise on the quality, never any 
topping. Your package is a reflection of your strength. 

IDENTIFY YOUR PACKAGE. If you are proud enough of your tomatoes 
put your name and brand on the package, then set a standard and stick 
to it. If it is US No. 1, say so. If it is US No. 2, admit it but make it a 
good US No. 2. 

OTHERS HAVE SET HIGH STANDARDS. The Boston Market Gardeners 
Association grades their tomatoes. With them a tomato is unacceptable 
if it has a stem crack in excess of Vi inch. With them freshness and 
flavor count, uniform size is essential. If Boston can do it you can too. 

CHOOSE THE RIGHT SEED. Use the descriptions in this manual as your 
guide. Some tomatoes are bred for market, some for the cannery. Some 
are bred for early maturity, some for size. Generally speaking we 
recommend fi Hybrids for at least 75% of your market acreage. 



FOR THE CANNERY 



PLAN AHEAD FOR YOUR PLANT SUPPLY. Know your sources. Know your variety 
and know a good plant when you see one. Don't overlook the amazing production 
records that are being made by hybrids. 

USE A STARTER SOLUTION. It will make a difference of 3 tons per acre. There 
are several good starter solutions available such as Hy-Gro, Take Hold, Soil 
13-26-13 Rich or VHPF 5-25-15. 

SUPERVISE YOUR PICKING. Give your pickers a goal for which to work. Consider 
paying them by the hour or offer a bonus of 2c a basket to maintain a grade of 
80% US No. Vs or better. When your grade is only 80% arrange for the canner 
to advise you. Always handle your baskets promptly. Flat wagons with rubber 
tires, hitched in tandem and delivered by tractor, save an extra handling. 

STAND UP TO YOUR CONTRACT. Only by doing so can you maintain the integrity 
of the contract system. Once that is lost experience shows that the quality of an 
entire area falls to a lower level. We strongly recommend that cannery growers 
contract with a well managed, well financed company which appreciates quality 
and will pay for it. Only quality tomatoes can be made into quality products. Only 
by following the rules of good management can you help yourself and your con- 
tract canner. In the competitive times ahead be sure you have a place for your 
tomatoes at an agreed upon price. 

5 





Days to 
maturity 


Harvest 
Season 


Av. Fruit 
Size in oz. 


Depth to 
width ratio 


Foliage 


Spacing in 
feet 


Fertiliza- 
tion 


Strong 
Points 


STOKESCROSS 


r 


HYBRIDS 








No. 1 


65 


Extra 
Early 


4V 2 


80°o 


Light 


2x4 


1500 lbs. 
5-10-10 plus 
one sidedressing 


Extreme earliness. Free- 
dom from cracking. Best 
for Northern States. 


No. 2 


70 


Medium 
Early 


5\2 


80% 


Medium 
Light 


2x5 


1500 lbs. 
5-10-10 plus 
one sidedressing 


High color and flavor. 
Maintains size. 


No. 3 


70 


Medium 
Early 


4% 


90% 


Medium 
Light 


3x5 


1500 lbs. 
5-10-10 plus 
two sidedressings 


Long season. Profusion 
of well formed fruit. 


No. 4 


75 


Early 
Main 


6 


90% 


Medium 


3x5 


1000 lbs. 
0-20-20 plus 
three sidedressings 
5-10-10 


Heavy yield. Good 
shipper. Fine color and 
flavor. 


No. 5 


82 


Early 
Main 


6 


85% 


Heavy 


3x6 


1000 lbs. 
0-20-20 plus 
three sidedressings 
5-10-10 


Vigorous. Heavy foliage. 
Heavy cropping. 


FOUNDATION 


STOCKS 










Valiant 


68 


Extra 
Early 


6 


88% 


Light 


2x5 


1200 lbs 
5-10-10 plus 
three sidedressings 


rfirlinoec nrno c I 7 

LU 1 1 1 IIC J 3 , IU 1 UC dllC/ 

meaty structure. 


Stokes- 
dale 


75 


Medium 
Early 


5 


90% 


Medium 
Light 


3x5 


1200 lbs. 
5-10-10 plus 
two sidedressings 


Globe shaped. Firm, 
heavy bearer. 


Master 
Marglobe 


80 


Main 


6 


90% 


Heavy 


3x6 


1500 lbs. 
5-10-10 plus 
one sidedressing 


Solid flesh. Disease re- 
sistant. 


Queens 


70 


Medium 
Early 


6 


85% 


Medium 
Light 


3x5 


1200 lbs. 
5-10-10 plus 
two sidedressings 


Early, large fruit for 
market. 


Rutgers 


85 


Main 


6V2 


86% 


Heavy 


3x6 


1000 lbs. 
0-20-20 plus 
one sidedressing 
5-10-10 


Large size, vigorous, 
heavy yield. 





6 



This F 2 Hybrid Is Highly Recommended For The 
Northern States From Maine to Washington. Fruit 
Averages 4 to 5 Ounces. 
65 Days to Maturity after Transplanting 

It is not a general purpose tomato but it should succeed 
wherever our older standard variety Stokesdale suc- 
ceeded. The plant, however, is more robust and will 
furnish better coverage than Stokesdale. It is recom- 
mended for use by tomato growers who can profit by 
a prodigious production of early-ripening, brilliant 
fruit. It is essentially a market garden tomato, but one 
that will find an important place with the processors in 
New York, Michigan, Wisconsin, Minnesota, and the 
State of Washington. 




POSTAGE PAID: 

Packet ... 25c Trade Packet . . . $1.00 Ounce . . . $5.00 



7 



oto&e<Jcw4<) no. 2 

An Improved F 2 Hybrid Introduced This Year For The First 
Time. An Early and Continuous Bearer of Full-Size (SVi 
oz.), Full-Flavored Fruit Suitable For Market or For 
Processing. 



70 Days to Maturity after Transplanting 




great possibilities. It combines earliness, size, and produc- 
tiveness. Stokescross No. 2 is deep red in color, free from 
interior core, and its rich flavor recommends it to all market 
gardeners. 

In our 1951 contract season, its production record showed 
a Government Grade of 74-25-1. We consider that its proc- 
essing qualities are excellent either for peeling or for 
tomato products. 

PRICE, POSTAGE PAID: 

Packet .... 25c Trade Packet .... $1.00 Ounce .... $5.00 



8 



Order Sheet for Stokes Tomato Seed and Plants 

FRANCIS C. STOKES COMPANY 

Vincentown, New Jersey 

Breeders and Growers of Fine Tomato Seed since 1881 

£ Name 

LLI 

I 

* R. D. or Street ^S&r?** 

Post Office 

State 




RIDS 



Pkg. 
Size 



STOKESCROSS* Fi> HYBRID SEED 



Garden 
Packet 



Trade 
Pkt. Vs oz. 



One 
Ounce 



Stokescross No. 1 



25< 



$1.00 



$5.00 



Stokescross No. 2 



25< 



1.00 



5.00 



Stokescross No. 3 



25 c 



1.00 



5.00 



Stokescross No. 4 



25c 



1.00 



5.00 



Stokescross No. 5 



25c 



1.00 



5.00 



STOKES FOUNDATION STOCK 



As Developed and/or Maintained 
on Stokes Proving Ground 



Valiant 



Stokesdale 



25c 



25c 



$1.00 



1.00 



$5.00 



5.00 



Master Marglobe 



25c 



1.00 



5.00 



Queens 



25c 



1.00 



5.00 



Rutgers 



25c 



1.00 



5.00 



STANDARD STOCK 



Garden 
Packet 



Trade 
Packet 



One 
Ounce 



Va lb. 



Lb. 







Valiant 


15c 


45c 


80c 


$2.20 






Stokesdale 


15c 


45c 


80c 


2.20 






Marglobe 


15c 


40c 


75c 


2.00 






Rutgers 


15c 


40c 


70c 


1.90 



$6.00 



6.00 



5.00 



4.50 



STOKESCROSS* F2 HYBRID TOMATO PLANTS 



From 
Southern Growers 





Stokescross No. 4 . . . $6.00 per 1,000 { Minimum Order 








Stokescross No. 5 . . . $6.00 per 1,000 \ 1,000 Plants 






TOTAL 







Seed . . Delivery 
Charges Prepaid 



Plants . . F.O.B. Central Delivery 
points in 10 states. See Stokes 
Manual, page 17 for details. De- 
liveries to other states can be ar- 
ranged on large orders. 



□ Payment Enclosed 

□ Ship C.O.D. 



'Trademark Reg. 



FOLLOW THE RUIES 



The Stokes Company has grown and bred 
tomatoes for 70 years. In this booklet we pass 
along to you, our friends, a digest of our experi- 
ence. Even if you start with the Stokes seed best 
suited to your growing conditions and follow every 
suggestion in this book we cannot guarantee you 
production of 1 5, 25, or 30 tons per acre. However, 
we can promise you a greater yield of more grade 
A fruit than your fields have ever produced. 

We can all grow better tomatoes— we must grow 
better tomatoes if we expect to hold our place 
in the first division. The production of tomatoes 
for market and for processing approaches $200 
million per year. There is no reason for thinking 
that the tomato, which is the most important 
American vegetable, will lose its place providing 
you as a manager follow the rules. Many of you 
are now finding that it is far more profitable to 
produce tomatoes on 25 acres the correct way, 
than 100 acres the wrong way. 

Under our present economy, ordinary tomatoes 
won't pay out. Why grow 200 field boxes per acre 
at 2c per pound, when you can grow 400 field 
boxes per acre at 4c per pound? How well you 
understand and apply the fundamentals of tomato 
growing will largely determine the degree of 
your success. 



Order Sheet for Stokes Tomato Seed and Plants 

FRANCIS C. STOKES COMPANY 

Vincentown, New Jersey 

Breeders and Growers of Fine Tomato Seed since 1881 




RIDS 



Pkg. 
Size 



STOKESCROSS* Fi> HYBRID SEED 



Garden 
Packet 



Trade 
Pkt. Va oz. 



One 
Ounce 



Cents 







Stokescross No. 1 


25c 


$1.00 


$5.00 










Stokescross No. 2 


25c 


1.00 


5.00 










Stokescross No. 3 


25 c 


1.00 


5.00 










Stokescross No. 4 


25c 


1.00 


5.00 










Stokescross No. 5 


25c 


1.00 


5.00 






STOKES FOUNDATION STOCK As ^ c^T ^ 






Valiant 


25c 


$1.00 


$5.00 










Stokesdale 


25c 


1.00 


5.00 










Master Marglobe 


25c 


1.00 


5.00 










Queens 


25c 


1.00 


5.00 










Rutgers 


25c 


1.00 


5.00 






STANDARD STOCK Garden Trade ° ne 

3 1 AIMUAKU blUCK packef packet Qunce 1/4 , b Lb 






Valiant 


15c 


45c 


80c 


$2.20 


$6.00 










Stokesdale 


15c 


45c 


80c 


2.20 


6.00 










Marglobe 


15c 


40c 


75c 


2.00 


5.00 










Rutgers 


15c 


40c 


70c 


1.90 


4.50 






No Plants STOKESCROSS* F2 HYBRID TOMATO PLANTS Southerners 




Stokescross No. 4 . . . $6.00 per 1,000 | Minimum Order 








Stokescross No. 5 . . . $6.00 per 1,000 \ 1,000 Plants 






TOTAL 







Seed . . Delivery 
Charges Prepaid 



Plants . . F.O.B. Central Delivery 
points in 10 states. See Stokes 
Manual, page 17 for details. De- 
liveries to other states can be ar- 
ranged on large orders. 



□ Payment Enclosed 

□ Ship C.O.D. 



Trademark Reg. 



FOLLOW THE RULE! 



The Stokes Company has grown and bred 
tomatoes for 70 years. In this booklet we pass 
along to you, our friends, a digest of our experi- 
ence. Even if you start with the Stokes seed best 
suited to your growing conditions and follow every 
suggestion in this book we cannot guarantee you 
production of 1 5, 25, or 30 tons per acre. However, 
we can promise you a greater yield of more grade 
A fruit than your fields have ever produced. 

We can all grow better tomatoes— we must grow 
better tomatoes if we expect to hold our place 
in the first division. The production of tomatoes 
for market and for processing approaches $200 
million per year. There is no reason for thinking 
that the tomato, which is the most important 
American vegetable, will lose its place providing 
you as a manager follow the rules. Many of you 
are now finding that it is far more profitable to 
produce tomatoes on 25 acres the correct way, 
than 100 acres the wrong way. 

Under our present economy, ordinary tomatoes 
won't pay out. Why grow 200 field boxes per acre 
at 2c per pound, when you can grow 400 field 
boxes per acre at 4c per pound? How well you 
understand and apply the fundamentals of tomato 
growing will largely determine the degree of 
your success. 



Stb&ed&tOiM' no. 3 

A Salad Tomato Developed For the Cellophane Box 
Trade. An Enormous Producer of Perfect 4V4 Ounce 
Fruit With a Four Month Bearing Season. 

70 Days to Maturity after Transplanting 





Where size is not the first consideration, Stokescross No. 3 
is a tomato of importance. Under normal conditions, it 
will average 4V2 ounces. This is the size which is required 
by the important cellophane trade. It is estimated 85% of 
the off-season tomatoes of the United States are now sold 
through this- channel. 

Stokescross No. 3 is early maturing, and if normally fed 
and sprayed will hold through a four months bearing 
season, with 40 to 80 fruits per plant. This cross will give 
its best performance on the heavier soils with normal 
moisture. It is one of the sweetest flavored tomatoes in 
our list. 



Packet . 



25c 



PRICE, POSTAGE PAID: 

Trade Packet .... $1.00 



Ounce .... $5.00 



9 



Sto&edCLOiM no. 4 

One Of The Greatest Tomatoes Ever Introduced. Its 
Hybrid Vigor Enables The Plant to Develop a Heavy Crop 
Of 6 to 7 Ounce Fruit. A Tomato Which Will Bring Sub- 
stantial Profit To The Grower. 

75 Days to Maturity after Transplanting 

This brilliant F2 Hybrid is already looked upon as a variety of enormous 
importance by the grower and shipper group, and by those who grow for 
canneries. Its surprising vigor is at once seen in its ability to produce large, 
solid, highly flavored fruit in enormous quantities. Highly acceptable to 
the "Green Wrap" trade. It will mature fully 10 days in advance of 
Rutgers and will surpass Rutgers in production by a wide margin. 

Our own 1951 production figures averaged 15.4 tons per acre as com- 
pared with our Rutgers production of 11.4 tons per acre. In dollar return 
it brought $518 per acre,— a high figure in any growing area. It is almost 
crack-free, a factor probably due to its deeper root system. Stokescross 
No. 4 will develop full color right to the stem. Its interior structure will 
allow long distance shipping. It is noted for its delicate sweet flavor. 




Packet .... 25c Trade Packet .... $1.00 Ounce .... $5.00 

PRICE, POSTAGE PAID: 

10 



Std&edGtodd no. 5 

This Wonderful Tomato Has Many Points Of Similarity 
With Stokescross No. 4, But Stokescross No. 5's Heavier 
Foliage Is An Added Advantage Under Burning Sun. 




Yields exceeding 30 tons per acre have been recorded 
because of its long harvest season. Its hybrid vigor develops 
a strong full vine which sets heavily and which develops 
highly flavored and highly colored fruit. This Fj hybrid has 
the same qualities of crack resistance as Stokescross No. 4. 
No tomato is completely crack free following a heavy rain. 

The interior of Stokescross No. 5 is very solid, making it 
satisfactory both as a long distance shipper and as a canner. 
JY It is well known for its ability to stand up in the can better 
than the standard sorts. 

PRICE, POSTAGE PAID: 

Packet .... 25c Trade. Packet .... $1.00 Ounce .... $5.00 



ii 





68 Days to Maturity after Transplanting 

The Most Important Tomato For The Extra Early Market. 
It Is Large, Solid, Smooth And A Heavy Producer. 



Valiant, a Stokes introduction of 
1936, is an out-cross that has 
contributed much to the tomato 
industry of the United States and 
Canada. It is a half-brother of 
Stokesdale. As a money maker 
for the extra-early market trade 
we know of none better. Valiant 
develops a Marglobe type fruit 
within 3 days of the older 
Earliana (Johnson and Stokes 
1901). It has an open vine, 
which does not always protect 
the fruit from the sun, but in its 
special field, the very early 
market, it is highly prized. 
Valiant will be most successful 
on sandy loam. Generous appli- 
cations of fertilizer are recom- 
mended. You buy the originat- 
or's stock when you buy Valiant 
from Stokes. 

Stokes Proving Ground Valiant 
has been consistently the most 
profitable tomato for the extra- 
early growers. It is by no means 
unusual for growers to gross 
$3.00 to $4.00 per climax basket 
during most of the season. 




Certified Proving Ground Stock 
Certified Field Grown Stock 



OUNCE 

$5.00 
.80 



Vd lb. 



1 lb. 



$2,20 $6.00 



12 



PRICES, POSTAGE PAID 




75 Days to Maturity 
after Transplanting 



There Is An Important Place For Stokesdale In The 
Northern States Where Earliness, Profuse Bearing and 
Perfection Of Fruit Are In Demand. 



Stokesdale, a Stokes introduction of 1936, comes from the 
same out-cross source as Valiant. The two have brought 
wealth and satisfaction to tomato growers in many states. 
Stokesdale, as developed and maintained by the originator, 
will produce a 5 ounce fruit, 7 days later than Valiant. Fruits 
are smooth, deep, round, solid, and bright scarlet in color. 
The vine growth is usually sufficient to prevent sunburn. 
Stokesdale has largely replaced Bonny Best (Stokes 1907) 
because of its profuse bearing, its early maturing, and its 
larger size. 







PRICES, POSTAGE PAID: 



TRADE 

PACKET PACKET OUNCE Va lb. 1 lb. 



Certified Proving Ground Stock .25 $1.00 $5.00 

Certified Field Grown Stock .15 .45 .80 $2.20 $6.00 



13 




This Master Strain, After 26 Years, Still Maintains Its 
Original Characteristics. It Has Earned Millions of Dollars 
For The Tomato Industry. 




A U.S.D.A. introduction of 1926. It is a cross between Marvielle de Marche 
(Vilmorin) x Globe (Livingston) made and perfected by the late Dr. Fred E. 
Pritchard. Its high resistance to fusarium wilt and nail head rust virtually 
eliminated those diseases. 



Stokes' Master Marglobe is a 5 V 2 ounce shipping tomato, perfectly formed 
with smooth shoulders and a very solid jnterior. Its high production is at- 
tested by the fact that many of our customers regularly raise 50 to 55 tons 
per acre under glass. Since its introduction Stokes has taken a leading part 
in maintaining the strength and trueness to type of this variety. Our proving 
ground stock Master Marglobe is generally regarded as being on the top 
level for the entire industry. 

PRICES, POSTAGE PAID: 

TRADE 

PACKET PACKET OUNCE Va lb. 1 lb. 

Certified Proving Ground Stock .25 $1.00 $5.00 

Certified Field Grown Stock .15 .40 .75 $2.00 $5.00 



14 




70 Days to Maturity after Transplanting 



A large early market tomato introduced in 1951 by Professor Lyman G. Schermer- 
horn of Rutgers University. Queens produces large clusters of 6 ounce fruit. Foliage 
is light, blossoms set profusely and size is maintained well into the season. Before 
its introduction Queens was subjected to 10 years testing and wide-spread trials. 
Our seed is produced from stock supplied by Prof. Schermerhorn. 





85 Days to Maturity after Transplanting 

A large general purpose tomato with fine flavor and color. Fruits are slightly 
flattened, globe shaped with thick fleshy walls. A vigorous productive plant, 
highly wilt resistant. To attain a full yield, limit nitrogen feeding until after the 
main blossom set. Rutgers is a favorite market and cannery tomato east of the 
Rockies. 

PRICES, POSTAGE PAID: 

TRADE 

PACKET PACKET OUNCE Va lb. 1 lb. 

Queens Certified Proving Ground Stock .25 $1.00 $5.00 
Rutgers Certified Proving Ground Stock .25 $1.00 $5.00 
Rutgers Certified Field Grown Stock .15 .40 .70 $1.90 $4.50 



15 



40 million hybrid plants were bought by growers from 
Virginia to Indiana. These men reported their Stokescross 
Hybrids out-grew and out-produced the standard varieties 
by a wide margin, in some instances doubling the yield. 
Stokescross plants started bearing 10 days earlier, continued 
longer and the quality of fruit was unexcelled. 

Our own contract growers averaged 15!4 tons per acre on 
97 acres in Burlington County. These men grossed $518 per 
acre. All were from Stokes Southern grown plants. 



CANNERS: 

Stokescross tomatoes open your season two weeks earlier. 

FARMER-GROWERS: 

Stokescross tomatoes give higher yields per acre. 

JUICE MANUFACTURERS: 

Stokescross tomatoes have better color — higher flavor. 

HOME GARDENERS: 

With Stokescross seed you'll have the finest tomatoes, 
earlier in the season and you'll have a longer harvest. 



TABLE OF CONTENTS page 



Cannery Tomatoes 5 

Feeding 2 

Fruit Set 4 

Fruit Siie 4 

Irrigating 2 

Know Your Plants 1 

Know Your Seed 1 

Market Tomatoes 5 

Plants 17 

Seed— Hybrid 

Stokescross No. I ? 

Stokescross No. 2 8 

Stokescross No. 3 9 

Stokescross No. 4 10 

Stokescross No. 5 11 

Seed — Standard Varieties 

Master MargSobe 14 

Queens 15 

Rutgers 15 

Stokesdale 13 

Valiant 12 

Soil 

Spraying 

Variety Chart 



1 



1 6 



F 2 Hybrid Plants 



available to 
growers in 

Ohio 

Illinois 

Indiana 

Virginia 

Michigan 

Delaware 

Maryland 

New Jersey 

Pennsylvania 



4§t 




Southern grown Stokescross No. 4 and No. 5 plants will be distributed by our 
salesmen between April 10 and May 30. Order now from Francis C. Stokes Com- 
pany, Vincentown, N. J., your plant broker, canner, seedsman or plant grower. 

Price:— $6.00 per 1000 plants on advance orders, delivered to central points in 
each state listed. 

Your delivery point will be noted on our acknowledgement of your order. 




Tomato Plants are: 



PRODUCED FROM GENUINE STOKESCROSS F 2 SEED. 

GROWN UNDER STOKES SUPERVISION. 

CAREFULLY PACKED AND HANDLED. 

SHIPPED BY FAST TRUCK SERVICE. 

DELIVERED ON SPECIFIED DATES . . . 

. . . AT TRANSPLANTING TIME IN EACH AREA. 



17 



HYBRID VIGOR 



gives you: 

Longer Harvest 
Earlier Ripening 
Heavier Production 
Better Color & Flavor 
More Solid Uniform Fruit 
Less Cracked Fruit 



This booklet is the result of 70 years spent 
in tomato culture. Between its covers you 
will find described Five Stokescross F L > 
Hybrid tomatoes. Characteristics of these 
hybrids vary, some being bred for earli- 
ness, others for size of fruit, etc. Select 
the seed or plants with characteristics best 
suited to meet your marketing require- 
ments and assure your own success with 
tomatoes. 

Copyright by Francis C. Stokes Co. 1952 



FRANCIS C. STOKES COMPANY 

Breeders and Growers of Fine Tomato Seed Since 1 881 
Vincentown, New Jersey